In the North a culture of  weapon-wearing cattle farmer


      Around  3000 bin  Egypt  and  Sumer  ´high  cultures´ obviously
                        emerged on the material basis of agriculture.

In  North - West  Europe  nothing  comparable, no  towns,  no temples, no
writing, no infra-structure, only the  world´s  oldest  megalithic monuments.
Compared with Egypt for acheologists the North an area settled obviously
by ´backwoodsmen´. May be, but must not

Problem:  At   the  end of  the  last  Ice  Age (10000 b.)  the  Magdalénian
hunters had to follow their prey northward . Thereby  they  had  to adapt to
changed ´life-threatening´ living conditions .
Among others the
rickets (blond)

In  thousands of years reindeers and lateron cattle became domesticated 
and stepped in place of hunted animals.Therefore for Post-Magdalénians
there was no recognizable necessity to change their way of life fundament-
ally. Their life continued to depend on animals.

         In stead of reindeers the cow, the auerochs became  milked.

   
                   Reindeer                     Auerochs (backward breeding) link
The  aurochs  is  thought  to  have been the original wild stock of all Euro-
pean cattle

 To day reindeer's milk is about 22.5% milkfat, 14.5% milk  solids  and 63% water
200-250  ml/day = .500 Cal. 1 liter 2240 Cal.     Cow: 1 liter cow  milk  680 Cal.,
Milk max be a fundamental key for understanding the North Culture in the Megalth
region of he western Baltic Sea

Hypothesis: The neolithic culture  in  the  area  of  the western Baltic Sea
was  a  selfadvancement  of   a  millennium-old  culture of  geographically
isolated Magdalénean  reindeer hunters. If so then

                           
                             A culture not based on agriculture!
                                       
but based on milk -drinking

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In a society shaped by the hunt the courage, the physical strength and the
psychological  willingness   to kill are  the social  yardsticks, not to
handle plow or sickle.
Attention in  the community  and  the selfassurance of the weapon-
wearing man is determined by courage and success in the fight. The  later
nordic religion reflects this attitude. To God Odin  comes  who  falls  in the
fight with the weapon in his hand.
To the Hel (hell) in the underworld must go, who died in bed.

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Problem:  What   typical  culture  developed  in  the  meso-neolithic North ?
In  general  the  legal  basis  of all  advanced  cultures  was  a selfapointed
>nobilty<.with swords in hand.´ Normal´ people had to obey and to pay.  In
Old Egypt 
Pharaoh´s word  was  law.
In  the geographically isolated  North  developed a typical ´pre-democratic´
law among  weapon-wearing free spirit descendants (Individualist) at  the end
of the last glacial period.

       
              
In North the free man subordinated himself voluntarily
                 obeying the law the community itself has created.

Tacitus (3) supports this view  * there is nothing at all   within  the national
or personal
range, which they would carry out without armament. - - - -----
22) then  they  go  to  their  
business, less often also to drinking-bouts, in
weapons "
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T
he  cultural  problem in  the isolated  North : How to tax a man  wearing a
weapon ?.How to explain to pay voluntarily for things  he did not needed ?
       Statussymbols like pyramids,or Stonehenge or Gothic cathedrals.
                                                   Good for what ?
 

                              
                        
         ~ 350 Germanic bronze full handle
swords around  1600 - 1000 b.
                                                      (ottenjann)

                          An unique  worldwide cluster of bronze swords
   
                           Liikely to assume a ´megalithic  North-Culture.

        Only a marginal culture, far away from the High-Cultures in Egypt and Sumer                                                       Thus, so far no need to comment about ?



Problem:
 The  older  swords  do  not  show  traces  of  fighting along the
 sword´s  edge but more superficial ornaments  on  the grip  got so  much
 worn  that  often the original ornament was lost. (Ottenjann)
.

 Northern full handle swords not for fighting but primarily a status symbol ?

Herodot 4/13 “  --over these (lived in the North)  the  Hyperborean, bordering 
the  sea. All  of these  
- except the   Hyperboreen -  always  fought  their
neighbour."

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Tacitus Germania 13 :. They transact no public or private business with-
out being  armed. It is not, how
ever, usual for anyone to wear arms till the
state has recognized his power to use
them. Then in  the presence of the
council  one of  the  chiefs, or the young  man's 
father, or  some kinsman,
equips him with a shield and a
spear.These arms are what the "toga" is
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Examples show in Egypt and Sumer that an agrarian  community  becom-
es always turned  -in the course of  its  development-  into  an aristocratic-
feudalistic community with an upper class of weapon-wearers and priests.

This in mind, in early times a relatively small group  of raiding adventurers
may subject  a  larger  population and force  these to  statute-labor, i.e. to
pay taxes´ .World wide the background of all so called *High Cultures*.

For the Egyptian fellah, Pyramids good for nothing ?

This ´high´ culture supporting feudalistic taxation-system is impossible to
develop
in the North. Due to the isolation there were no neighbours,which
                     could be subjected
 
in  sufficient  numbers
     Far off we dwell in the surging sea,  the furthermost of men, and no
                      other mortals have dealings with us.
(Homer´s Nausikaa)

The  cattlefarmer had to do his work himself. The younger man may grumble
about the rainy-cold weather and the  pre-dominance of   the chieftain. While
milking a cow dreaming: " Let´s  built  aboat and  go south  down  the  rivers
next   spring.  Reaching -  a t   least down   the  river  Danube -  the Aegaeis
within  one  summer.  Take  a  sword  and  have a  fight,  an ´event´  worth to
talk about later on".

1-nordkultur 25.12.03-
Index 


Next Post-Magdalénians -Proto-German and Indogerman
For biological reasons the term *Indoeuropean* may be basically
missleading

Ottenjann,H.   Die nordischen Griffzungenschwerter der älteren und
     mittleren Bronzezeit Roem. Germ. Kommission, Bd.30 1969
xx
etr