Spirals, a symbol of the sun course

                                              Along millennia  symbolic spirals are widespread in Europe


                              -------- Georgia-------------------     Kreta               Mid-Germany              Sweden

Problem:  It   is  not  known  where, at  what  time  and  why  the spiral developed  as a mythical symbol.  Supposed to  be  the  symbol of the annual sun-course.                                             

a) a sun  wheel,  Scandinavia. b,c,d)  often  used  symbol as concentric
circle. The outside circle may represent ´radiating´

e) The concentric sun-circle devided  in half  by  the horizon. Semi-circle
of the daily sun courses.Winter course´s  short way in the middle, outside the longer way of the summer course.

f,g) The daily sun course enters with a thin line the nocturnal underworld.
A reference to the dawn? Greek vase around 1000 BC. Protogeometric period.
h) Unsuccessful attempt to link the daily with  the  nocturnal sun course ?
i)  Radiating symbol of the sun course, Crete 1700 BC.

                           Two half-years               Sequential moving in opposite direction
                                       (Sonnenwende = Midsummer)
The assumption  that the  semi-circles (e, f, g,)  symbolize  the  daily sun course  rising  from  winter (center)  to  high  summer becomes  support
 f rom house-unrs with nocturnal  semicircles
(7. - 6. BC  Tochheim .Hall-
 statt range)
House-urns are widespread u.a.in  Northern Europe. They  symbo-
lize somehow an abode´ in the underworld. Logically then  that the nocturnal underworld sun-courses are  downward directed. (Menghin)
In an ionic double spiral the process of the winter-summer  up and  down  course is physically correctly  shown  for one  year. .

Problem: Around a long, perhaps eternal live sequential, never  ending sun symbols are needed. That  is impossible in a twodimensional repre-  sentation.

         If connected the spirals had to change direction in the centre
                                     Vix boiler

A  more  simple  variant  and  cheaper in  production.  Concentric cicles  a symbol of the sun , sequentially connected through a tangential line 


 A   further  simplification   is  the  rectangular  Meander. The  sun course changes  between  forward - and   backward   motions  according  to  the movements in the center of a “sequential" spiral.


Greek pottery. ( 850, 650 b.)   Concentrc circles and stepped triangles
 (in Egypt hieroglyphic of  throne / primeval hill

On an irish cross a " ionic" double spiral is interlinked with  the next in row The nordic graps tongue swords show further connecting options.


Swatiska                                     Irish Cross                                Vollgriffschwert


At the end of the geometrical  time c.600 b. in  Greece   the  “dominating” spirals,  Meander   and  circles  on   ceramic(s)   became   displaced   by *orientalistic* pictures.
The archaic time of  the  Dorier/ Spartans came to an end. It makes fun to scoff at wreaths and ferryman and
Christianity became gradually  ccepted  step  by step along 1000 years

Facit:  An ancient -(megalithic ?)-  European  nature  religion admiring cow and sun loses power. Christianity became  gradually  accepted  step  by
step along 1000 years



    A " disturbed" sun course of Dorian´s  supposed to cause the                                                                Fimbulwinter


Helck, W. und Otto,W. (Bearbeitet von Rosmarie Drenkhahn)  *Kleines Lexikon der Äegyptologie*1999

Hugot, H.J. und Bruggmann,M. Zehntausend Jahre Sahara, 1976
Menghin, W. Hallstattzeit. Die Altertümer im Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte Bd.2 ,1999  Berlin,
Spanuth, J.  Die Atlanter, 1976

1- spirale-sonnenbahn 01.11.03 ..

next    Where did an European-Near East sun religion develop ?
           Worshiping the sun in ´hot´ Egypt or in the ´cold ´North