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                                        Spirals, a symbol of the sun course

                                              Along millennia  symbolic spirals are widespread in Europe

                             

                              -------- Georgia-------------------     Kreta               Mid-Germany              Sweden

Problem:  It   is  not  known  where, at  what  time  and  why  the spiral developed  as a mythical symbol.  Supposed to  be  the  symbol of the annual sun-course.                                             
                     

a) a sun  wheel,  Scandinavia. b,c,d)  often  used  symbol as concentric
circle. The outside circle may represent ´radiating´

e) The concentric sun-circle devided  in half  by  the horizon. Semi-circle
of the daily sun courses.Winter course´s  short way in the middle, outside the longer way of the summer course.

f,g) The daily sun course enters with a thin line the nocturnal underworld.
A reference to the dawn? Greek vase around 1000 BC. Protogeometric period.
h) Unsuccessful attempt to link the daily with  the  nocturnal sun course ?
i)  Radiating symbol of the sun course, Crete 1700 BC.

                                
                           Two half-years               Sequential moving in opposite direction
                                       (Sonnenwende = Midsummer)
(Jahre-Years)
The assumption  that the  semi-circles (e, f, g,)  symbolize  the  daily sun course  rising  from  winter (center)  to  high  summer becomes  support
 f rom house-unrs with nocturnal  semicircles
(7. - 6. BC  Tochheim .Hall-
 statt range)
click
House-urns are widespread u.a.in  Northern Europe. They  symbo-
lize somehow an abode´ in the underworld. Logically then  that the nocturnal underworld sun-courses are  downward directed. (Menghin)
  
In an ionic double spiral the process of the winter-summer  up and  down  course is physically correctly  shown  for one  year. .
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Problem: Around a long, perhaps eternal live sequential, never  ending sun symbols are needed. That  is impossible in a twodimensional repre-  sentation.

         If connected the spirals had to change direction in the centre
                                     Vix boiler

A  more  simple  variant  and  cheaper in  production.  Concentric cicles  a symbol of the sun , sequentially connected through a tangential line 

                                   

 A   further  simplification   is  the  rectangular  Meander. The  sun course changes  between  forward - and   backward   motions  according  to  the movements in the center of a “sequential" spiral.

                    

Greek pottery. ( 850, 650 b.)   Concentrc circles and stepped triangles
 (in Egypt hieroglyphic of  throne / primeval hill
.
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On an irish cross a " ionic" double spiral is interlinked with  the next in row The nordic graps tongue swords show further connecting options.



       

Swatiska                                     Irish Cross                                Vollgriffschwert
                                                     Castdelamot                                

                          --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

At the end of the geometrical  time c.600 b. in  Greece   the  “dominating” spirals,  Meander   and  circles  on   ceramic(s)   became   displaced   by *orientalistic* pictures.
The archaic time of  the  Dorier/ Spartans came to an end. It makes fun to scoff at wreaths and ferryman and
Christianity became gradually  ccepted  step  by step along 1000 years

Facit:  An ancient -(megalithic ?)-  European  nature  religion admiring cow and sun loses power. Christianity became  gradually  accepted  step  by
step along 1000 years

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 P.S

    A " disturbed" sun course of Dorian´s  supposed to cause the                                                                Fimbulwinter

     



Helck, W. und Otto,W. (Bearbeitet von Rosmarie Drenkhahn)  *Kleines Lexikon der Äegyptologie*1999

Hugot, H.J. und Bruggmann,M. Zehntausend Jahre Sahara, 1976
Menghin, W. Hallstattzeit. Die Altertümer im Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte Bd.2 ,1999  Berlin,
Spanuth, J.  Die Atlanter, 1976

1- spirale-sonnenbahn 01.11.03 ..
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next    Where did an European-Near East sun religion develop ?
           Worshiping the sun in ´hot´ Egypt or in the ´cold ´North
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