Blond in Old-Egypt

 
In the 3th millennium BC the hair color of  the old-Lybian Tamahu becomes provable
in Egypt.

"Up to the late Early Period (and in later copies):  Skin of men and women red-brown,
with women yellow, black hair, boys with close-cropped hair , but men and women
with long, easily waved strands falling down on chest and shoulder  and with an
Ureaus-like
  high-standing front curl. Men all with pointed chin beard -----

----- after the Early Period:  Skin very brightly (white-rosy, yellow-rosy, light yellow,
light brown) and usually with black tattooing- - -  Eyes with blue, redbrown or  black
iris;   the old hairdress red or red-brown, tuft hair-style and beard, pointedly chin
beard, either red-brown with black detail design for curled strands and oneside braids.
(Helck)"

"The  successor of Cheops was the king Dedefre with eight
delivered  government years.  He was the husband of a
daughter of the Cheops,  thus its half sister, which is in Egypt
 not unusual.This lady, Hetepheres designated after their
 grandmother , is burried in the  grave of their own daughter
 later in full queen titulatur, surprisingly  with blond hair and
 brightens eyes, in addition strangely dressed. This
representation of the fair haired  Cheop´s  daughter forces
the acceptance of  the historically nevertheless  noteworthy
 fact that king Cheops accepted the nut/mother of the depicted,
 thus a  strange, not Egytian blond Libyan in his harem "

 
0050 Cheops daughter, Louvre  Scharff ,A.
Hölscher,W., Libyer und Ägypter. Beiträge zur Ethnologie und Geschichte libyscher
Völker nach altägyptischen Quellen, 1937..
Queen+Meresankh ( not daughter, but granddaughter ?)

"Queen Hetop-Heres II, of the Fourth Dynasty, the daughter of Cheops, the
builder of the
 great pyramid, is shown in the colored bas reliefs of her
tomb to have been a distinct
 blonde. Her hair is painted a bright yellow
  stippled with little red horizontal lines, and
 her skin is white."

Coon, Carleton Stevens. The Races of Europe. New York City, Macmillan. 1939,
 p.98


It gives still another further genetically usable references. To the end of the 4th  Dynasty
(2500) the woman of Seshem-nofer in its Mastaba grave is depicted with yellow hair. 
She is the woman of a high dignitary.  (Stevenson Smith)

In the grave of Meresankh III, the wife of Khafre (4th .Dynastie, 2700-2500) is depicted
with short blond hair and pale-bluish gray eyes.(Siliotti ')

In the grave of Antefoker (12.Dyn., 1900) is shown the transport of a Sarkophages.  Two
women in the boat and a custodian are red-blond with grey blue eyes.  (Michaloswski)



Coffin text (Faulkner)
467" heads are given to me, and I knit on the head of the Blue-eyedHorus, one who acts
 according to his desire."

586 "Hail to you, O Re, wearing your circlet! May you proceed to the councel chamber
and reckon up your fathers who whatch for him who destroys doubles. O Blue-eyedone
 who freshens eyes, whose power is severe.—Re in his circlet—Re will stand up, for
I have my circlet which is in my hand." (Anm. D. Übers. "determined with a crown
appears in fact to have been a head-band or circlet" )
Faulkner, R.O. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts, 1978
Helck, W. und Otto, E.   Lexikon der Aegyptologie Bd.III 1980
Hoelscher, W.,   Libyer und Aegypter. Beitraege zur Enthnologie und Geschichte libyscher
 Voelker nach altaegyptischen Quellen, 1937

Scharff, A.,  Aegypten und Vorderasien im Altertum, 1959
Stevenson-Smith, W.,  History of Egyptian Sculptures and Painting in the Old Kingdom, 1949
Michaloswski, K.,  Art of Egypt, New York,  Abb. 88 und 300, 1969
Siliotti´s > Guide to the Pyramids of Egypt < ,New York, 1996, p.79

The following information is part of the information compiled by Phillip Bonne
r and was printed in The Barnes Review, 130 Third Street, SE,

Washington, D.C. 20003 (Google)


---------
The tomb of the wife of Zoser, the builder of the first pyramid in Egypt,
has a painting of her showing her with reddish-blond hair.
Heyerdahl, Thor, The Ra Expeditions, Garden City, Doubleday, 1971, p.249
--------
The mummy of Rameses II has yellow hair.
Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs, Time-Life books, Alexandria, VA 1992 p.8
-------
 "A funerary mask with the attributes of the goddess Isis shows a vivid
blue-green color of eyes.
A General Introduction to the Egyptian Collections in the the British
Museam. London, Harrison and Sons, 1930, p.49
------
The mummy of the wife of King Tutankhamen has auburn hair.
Carter, Michael, Tutankhamun, The Golden Monarch, N.Y. 1972 p.68
-------
Red-haired mummies were found in the crocodile-caverns of Aboufaida.
Tomkins, Henry George, Remarks on Mr. Flinders Petries Collection of
Ethnographic Types from the Monuments of Egypt, Journal of the
Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland Vol. XVIIII, 1889,
p.216
-------
The mummy of Rameses II has fine silky yellow hair.
Smith, G. Elliot and Dawson, Warren R. Egyptian Mummies, London, George
Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1924 p.99
------
A blond mummy was found at Kawamil along with many chestnut-colored ones.
De Lapouge, G. Vacher, L'Aryen, Sa Vie Sociale. Paris, Pichat, 1899, p.26
-------
Amenhotep III's tomb painting  shows him as having light red hair.
National Geographic Society, Ancient Egypt, Discovering its Splendors,1978
p.103
------
An Egyptian scribe named Sakkarah around 2500 B.C. has blue eyes.
Strouhal, Eugen, Life of the Ancient Egyptians, Norman, Oklahoma, University
of Oklahoma Press, 1992, p.53
------
A common good luck charm was the eye of Horus, the so-called Wedjat
Eye. The eye is always blue, and the word "wedjat" means "blue" in Egyptian.

 Queen Thi  is painted as having a rosy complexion, blue eyes and blond
hair.
Hamy, E.T., "Races Humaines de la Vallee du Nil" Bulletin de la Societe
d'Anthropologie de Paris, 1886, p.739
---------
Paintings from the Third Dynasty show native Egyptians with red hair and
blue eyes.
Pijoan, Jose, Historia del Arte Vol III, Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1932, plate
XI
-------
The god Nuit was painted as white and blond.
Champollion, H., Le Nil et la Societe Egyptienne, Marseille, Musee Boreby,
1973 p.94
-------
A painting from Iteti's tomb at Saqqara shows a very Nordic-looking man
with blond hair.
Westendorf, Wolfhart, Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of Ancient Egypt.
New York, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1968 p.65
-------
Time-Life books recently put out a volume called Rameses II The Great.
It has a good picture of the blond mummy of Rameses II. Another picture can
be found in the book X-Raying the Pharaohs, especially the picture on the
jacket cover. It shows his yellow hair.
------
    A book called Chronicle of the Pharaohs was recently published showing
paintings,scuptures and mummies of 189 pharaohs and leading personalities of
Ancient Egypt. Of these, 102 appear European, 13 look black and the rest are
hard to classify. All nine mummies look European.

    The very first pharaoh, Narmer, also known as Menes, looks very
European, The same can be said for Khufu's cousin Hemon, who designed the
Great Pyramid of Giza. A computer-generated reconstruction of the face of
the Sphinx shows a European-looking face.

Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs, Time-Life books Alexandria, VA 1992 p.67



 It was once painted sunburned red.
Silverberg, Robert, Before the Sphinx; Early Egypt N.Y., N.Y., T. Nelson
1971 p.168
-------
      The Egyptians often painted upper class men as red and upper class
women as white; this because the men became sunburned or tanned while
outside under the burning Egyptian sun.
1-tamahu 12.6.02

INDEX